Patagonian toothfish

A close relative, the Antarctic toothfish , is found farther south around the edges of the Antarctic shelf; it also lives in the Ross Sea.

The Patagonian toothfish lives in the pelagic-oceanic, oceanodromous, marine, depth range 50 - 3850 m , usually 70 - 1500 m environment.

The rapidly disappearing Patagonian toothfish is worth so much money in the marketplace that the fishing industry calls it "white gold". More

The Patagonian toothfish is a truly remarkable fish that plays an important part in the Southern Ocean ecosystem. As fisheries throughout the rest of the world become depleted, fishing companies are turning to the Southern Ocean. More

The Patagonian toothfish, species Dissostichus eleginoides, is a fish found in the cold, temperate waters (between depths of 45 to 3850 m) of the Southern Atlantic, Southern Pacific, Indian, and Southern Oceans on seamounts and continental shelves around most sub‐Antarctic islands. More

Catches of Patagonian toothfish are reported from areas 41 and 87 (on the Atlantic and Pacific sides of South America) and from areas 48 and 58 (the Antarctic areas of the Atlantic and Indian Ocean, respectively). More

The Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) is often regarded as the most important Antarctic fish, due to the extent of its commercial exploitation. Commercial fisheries catch these fish by trawling, and the setting of longlines. More

The Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) is widely distributed throughout large areas of the sub-Antarctic oceans. More

Really named Patagonian Toothfish, high demand for this naturally long-lived fish drives depletion and creates an incentive for illegal and unregulated fishing. Incidental catch of seabirds in Toothfish longlines jeopardizes populations of albatrosses and petrels. More

is thought to grow a bit slower than Patagonian toothfish, and has a smaller maximum length (estimated at around 1.8 metres). The Patagonian toothfish fishery began in the southwest Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Argentina and the Falkland Islands in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. More

Patagonian toothfish are found in the southern Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They are common in waters off southern Chile and Argentina, as well as the islands off Antarctica. The main sources of Patagonian toothfish are Chile, Argentina, France and Australia. More

In the late 1990s, the Patagonian toothfish was designated a threatened species. (A plant or animal species is considered endangered when its population is so low that it needs protective measures to survive. More

The Patagonian toothfish occurs in the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) of southern Chile and Argentina, and sub-Antarctic islands under the sovereignty of Australia, France, New Zealand, South Africa and the United Kingdom. More

The Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) is a large pelagic predator, belonging to the family Nototheniidae. It is widely distributed and occurs off islands and banks in the Southern Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, notably within the influence of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. More

The main markets for Patagonian Toothfish is in the USA, EU and Japan. More

Patagonian Toothfish is found in sub-Antarctic waters on shelves around islands and submarine banks. blue.gif (874 bytes)Toothfish are bottom-living, in depths of 300m to 2500m, but move off the bottom on occasion to feed. More

Areas where Patagonian toothfish have been found Map from AquaMaps A history of the Patagonian toothfish fishery Today the Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) is the most valuable fishery in Antarctic or sub More

Take the Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides), for example. This deep-water inhabitant of the Southern Ocean was virtually unknown until a specimen was caught off Chile in 1982. More

Large scale fishing for Patagonian Toothfish, also known in the United States as Chilean Sea Bass, began in the early 1990's following the decline in fish stocks in many northern hemisphere fisheries. More

The Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) can reach six and a half feet in length and weigh more than 250 pounds. It feeds largely on squid and prawns and, in turn, is a large part of the fish diet for sperm whales and elephant seals. More

Patagonian toothfish used to be a “trash” fish barely worthy of conversion to cat food. Then in the late 1970s, a Los Angeles fish wholesaler discovered its remarkable properties – including white, oily flesh that is nearly impossible to overcook – and renamed it “Chilean sea bass. More

Common names

Antar patagoński in Polish (polski)
Austromerluza negra in Spanish (español)
Bacalao in Spanish (español)
Bacalao de profundidad in Spanish (español)
Chilean sea bass in English
Chilean seabass in English
Légine australe in French (français)
Marlonga-negra in Portuguese (Português)
Merluza negra in Spanish (español)
Ookuchi in Japanese (日本語)
Patagonian tootfish in English
Patagonian toothfish in English
Patagonskiy klykach in Russian (русский язык)
Patagonsky klykach in English
Patagonsky klykach in Russian (русский язык)
Schwarzer Seehecht in German (Deutsch)
Sort patagonisk isfisk in Danish (dansk)
Tandnoting in Swedish (Svenska)
マジェランアイナメ in Japanese (日本語)
小鱗犬牙南極魚 in Mandarin Chinese
小鳞犬牙南极鱼 in Mandarin Chinese

Order : Perciformes
Family : Nototheniidae
Genus : Dissostichus
Species : Dissostichus eleginoides
Authority : Smitt, 1898